E-bicycles are much more efficient than conventional fuel based cars or motor bikes. Electricity being cheaper than fuel, this definitely proves efficient on the pocket for regular commuter or leisure rider to switch to an electric bicycle. The safety of electric bicycles are managed by various features which include, waterproof casing, auto battery cut-off etc.
Motors are considered the heart of electric bicycles which drives the bicycle forward and giving the rider the actual electric experience. There are 3 most common types of motors used in electric bicycles; Front hub motor, Rear hub motor and Mid-drive motor.
Front hub motors are one of the earliest used types of motors in electric bicycles and it still being widely used. This motor is placed in the front hub on the front wheel. Lightweight commuter, city and cruiser electric bicycle are mostly found with front hub motors.
Rear hub motors provide propulsion and assistance by spinning the back tire. They push the rider forward, thereby providing the extra power on demand. The rear hub motor is the most common form of an e-bicycle motor placement in the market.
Mid Drive motors send power to the bicycle’s drivetrain instead of a hub. It’s central location creates a more natural riding sensation than hub motors, and keep the additional weight of the motor to the centre. Crank driven motors tend to be more expensive than hub driven motors.
Integrated Batteries Integrated batteries on electric bicycles are placed inside the frame of the bicycle cannot be seen outside. Placement of these integrated batteries are most commonly found inside the bottom tube of the frame.
External Detachable Batteries External detachable batteries on electric bicycles are placed in various places; on the bottom tube, behind the seat tube and even under the carrier on top of the rear wheel.
Semi Integrated Detachable Batteries Semi-integrated detachable batteries on electric bicycles are places in of the tubes on the frame with the battery’s body forming the tubes shape. This makes sure the battery isn’t completely outside and is also easily detachable for external charging.
Electric bicycles have 3 types of riding modes which enable the rider to smoothly and efficiently ride the E-bicycle. The 3 modes are Pedal assist, Throttle and Pedal Assist/Throttle hybrid mode.
Pedal assist, also called as Pedelec,refers to an e-bicycle where the pedal-assist electric drive system is limited as a mode that provides power only when you are pedalling. Pedal assist bicycles have different levels of assistance, for example: low, medium, or high assist.
The throttle mode is similar to how a motorcycle or scooter operates. When the throttle is engaged the motor provides power and propels the bicycle forward. A throttle powered e-bicycle allows you to pedal or just sit back and enjoy a “free” ride! Most throttles can be fine tuned like a volume dial between low and full power.
The electric bicycle can be ridden by both pedalling on pedal assist mode while also using the throttle mode. This increases the speed of the electric bicycle and efficiency in riding.
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